49 - Ki Tetzei

Torah Parashah Ki Tetzei

From Shabbat of September 2, 2017

Torah: Deuteronomy 21:10–25:19
HaftarahIsaiah 54:1-10

Ki Tetzei (כִּי־תֵצֵא)— Hebrew for “when you go,” the first words in the parashah) is the 49th weekly Torah portion (פָּרָשָׁה‎, parashah) in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the sixth in the Book of Deuteronomy. It constitutes Deuteronomy 21:10–25:19.

Ki Tetzei Whiteboard

Torah Parsha Ki Tetzei Summary

Deuteronomy 21:10–25:19

This Torah Portion focuses on all the laws that deal with HONORING ALL LIFE where ever “you go”.  Seventy-four of the Torah’s 613 commandments (mitzvot) are in this parashah dealing with honoring others and all life forms.  These include the laws of the beautiful captive, the inheritance rights of the firstborn, the wayward and rebellious son, burial and dignity of the dead, returning a lost object, sending away the mother bird before taking her young, the duty to erect a safety fence around the roof of one’s home, and the various forms of kilayim (forbidden plant and animal hybrids).

Also recounted are the judicial procedures and penalties for adultery, for the rape or seduction of an unmarried girl, and for a husband who falsely accuses his wife of infidelity. The following cannot marry a person of Jewish lineage: a mamzer (someone born from an adulterous or incestuous relationship); a male of Moabite or Ammonite descent; a first- or second-generation Edomite or Egyptian.

Our Parshah also includes laws governing the purity of the military camp; the prohibition against turning in an escaped slave; the duty to pay a worker on time, and to allow anyone working for you—man or animal—to “eat on the job”; the proper treatment of a debtor, and the prohibition against charging interest on a loan; the laws of divorce (from which are also derived many of the laws of marriage); the penalty of thirty-nine lashes for transgression of a Torah prohibition; and the procedures for yibbum(“levirate marriage”) of the wife of a deceased childless brother, or chalitzah (“removing of the shoe”) in the case that the brother-in-law does not wish to marry her.

Ki Teitzei concludes with the obligation to remember “what Amalek did to you on the road, on your way out of Egypt.”

Haftarah

Isaiah 54:1-10

This week’s haftorah is the fifth of a series of seven “Haftarot of Consolation.” These seven haftarot commence on the Shabbat following Tisha b’Av and continue until Rosh Hashanah.

Some writers assert that Isaiah was a vegetarian, on the basis of passages in the Book of Isaiah that extol nonviolence and honor and reverence for all life, such as Isaiah 1:11, 11:6-9, 65:25, and 66:3. Some of these writers refer to “the vegetarian Isaiah”,[15] “the notorious vegetarian Isaiah”,[16] and “Isaiah, the vegetarian prophet”.[

In this Haftarah, Isaiah relates that forsaken Jerusalem is likened to a barren woman devoid of children. God enjoins her to rejoice, for the time will soon come when the Jewish nation will return and proliferate, repopulating Israel‘s once desolate cities. The prophet assures the Jewish people that God has not forsaken them. Although He has momentarily hid His countenance from them, He will gather them from their exiles with great mercy. The haftorah compares the final Redemption to the pact God made with Noah. Just as God promised to never bring a flood over the entire earth, so too He will never again be angry at the Jewish people.

“For the mountains may move and the hills might collapse, but My kindness shall not depart from you, neither shall the covenant of My peace collapse.”

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Torah Parashah teaching with video and audio and illustrations by Pastor Isaac. © 2017 Assembly of Called-Out Believers. Use by Permission.

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